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The PALM Initiative

PALM logo

A digital educational material or technology is accessible when a learner with a disability “is afforded the opportunity to acquire the same information, engage in the same interactions, and enjoy the same services as a learner without a disability in an equally effective and equally integrated manner, with substantially equivalent ease of use” (U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights). Edtech developers have been making significant advances in accessibility in response to states and districts that have made buying accessible a priority. As a result, all learners are experiencing benefits. Customization features, options for physical interaction, and multiple modes of output are assets of accessible design.


Equipment or system where principal function is creation, conversion, duplication, control, display, interchange, transmission, reception, or broadcast of data.

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Access for all people, including people with disabilities, to web environments.

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As classrooms incorporate more digital technology, it becomes increasingly important that materials used in the classroom are designed to be useable by all students from the start. This requires adjustments in the way materials are purchased, and that, in turn, will drive the availability of more flexible and accessible learning materials in the marketplace. The PALM Initiative (Purchase Accessible Learning Materials) was launched to ensure this change happens as soon as possible.

The E-Book Market Brief begins to highlight some of the problems that we are seeing in the commercial and open education resource markets. The problem extends to purchasing decisions for hardware, software, e-learning platforms, apps, and more. This is a problem worth solving. Publishers will respond when states and local education agencies demand accessible learning materials directly from the source.

In order to increase demand for accessible digital instructional materials, Guidance for SEA and LEA Purchasing Agents has been posted with proposed purchase order and contract language and related resources.

The AEM Center recommends that publishers and developers use up to date guidelines and best practices when creating accessible digital instructional learning materials and technologies. Links to pertinent resources are provided on the Best Practices for Publishers & Software Developers page. For additional resources, see our list of Accessibility Organizations and Resources.

Our hope is that all learners will be able to use the digital learning materials that are recommended by states and/or purchased by school districts and families. This means that those digital learning materials will need to be accessible to students who have print disabilities right from the start. It also means the technologies used to render and interact with the learning materials, such as computers, tablets, and e-book readers, will also have to be fully accessible to students with disabilities.

Simply Said: Understanding Accessibility in Digital Learning Materials



Electronic version of a book.

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Local Education Agency (LEA)

Agency legally authorized to provide administrative control or direction of publically funded schools.

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Accessible Educational Materials (AEM)

Print- and technology-based educational materials designed to be usable across the widest range of individual variability.

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Print Disability

Blindness or other disability that prevents the effective use of printed materials.

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Take Action: What You Can Do

Making the Case: PALM Resources

The following resources are "ready to go," or you may customize them to fit your needs.

PALM Hand-Outs

PALM Guidance

PALM Overview Slides

PALM All-in-One Publication: Single AEM Publication with key content from 8 hand-out and guidance documents.


  • Require that all materials purchased are fully accessible
  • Incorporate accessibility into your policies and practices
  • Include accessibility in contract language


  • Create lesson plans and units that include accessible materials
  • Introduce PALM at a staff meeting
  • Form an accessibility action team
  • Talk with administrators, technology coordinators, and purchasing coordinators about accessibility


  • Create an accessibility action group in your child’s school or district
  • Inform school administrators about accessibility
  • Talk with your child’s teacher about accessibility
  • Talk with other parents and parent groups about accessibility


  • Present PALM to your stakeholders
  • Share the PALM documents through your networks
  • Include accessibility in your mission statement
  • Form an accessibility taskforce

Share Your Success Stories

Advocating for change is hard work! Do you have a strategy that’s worked for you? Send us an email: