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Audio-Supported Reading for Students Who are Blind or Visually Impaired


Richard Jackson




Audio-supported reading (ASR) is a technology-based approach for accessing and working with text presented in either braille or enlarged (magnified) print. This approach allows a user to listen to a spoken version of text while looking at screen-displayed print or touching braille. In ASR, both the rate of information pick up and the portion of attention paid to braille or print—in combination with speech—can be controlled by the user. With sufficient practice, both braille readers and magnified print readers can greatly increase the rate at which they move through text using ASR.

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Jackson, R. (2021). Audio supported reading for students who are blind or visually impaired. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessible Educational Materials. Retrieved [insert date] from

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