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NIMAS Baseline 1.1 Exemplar: The Great Depression


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CAST holds the copyright for these files and provides permission to use them for educational purposes. They should not be re-posted to other sites nor may they be sold for commercial purposes. Organizations wishing to make this content available to others may link to this page in order to obtain the most current versions. Questions about this exemplar should be addressed to

First posted on 10/20/05. Last Updated on 11/19/20.

Baseline NIMAS 1.1 Exemplar

The baseline NIMAS files comprise the basic NIMAS 1.1 file set that would be submitted by an educational publisher. NIMAS 1.1 is based on the DAISY 2005 DTD; publishers and other producers are encouraged to use full DAISY mark-up wherever possible.

This exemplar includes the following:

  • NIMAS 1.1-conformant XML content file
  • Package file
  • PDF file of title page
  • images

Download NIMAS 1.1 Exemplar 1

Please refer to Creating NIMAS Files for tips on creating NIMAS filesets.

Comments about the Exemplar

You will notice that this exemplar uses a simple linear layout that is not representative of the complex layout of many K–12 education textbooks. Its purpose is as an easily understandable example of a NIMAS 1.1-conformant XML file including most NIMAS baseline elements; it is not meant to convey the most complex content possible, as this would detract from its purpose. 

CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology)

Non-profit organization that works to expand learning opportunities for all individuals through research and development.

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National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS)

A technical standard used to produce XML-based source files for print-based educational materials.

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Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY)

Technical standard for producing accessible and navigable multimedia documents.

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Document Type Definition (DTD)

Discrete set of XML tags, targeted at a particular type of application.

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XML (EXtensible Markup Language)

Universal format for structured documents and data. Set of rules, guidelines, and conventions for designing text formats for data.

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PDF (Portable Document Format)

Universal computer file type used to exchange and view documents on any computer with Adobe Acrobat or Foxit Reader software installed.

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Supplementary Files

The supplementary files are informational in nature and are not part of the required NIMAS fileset.

Download CAST Exemplar List of Elements Used
Download Exemplar Source Content