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NIMAS Exemplars

This page is intended to serve as a resource for those interested in learning more about what a NIMAS-conformant delivery should include. Exemplars will always include the following baseline items:

  1. NIMAS 1.1-conformant XML file(s)
  2. Package file
  3. PDF of title page or whichever page contains copyright and ISBN information
  4. Images in SVG, PNG, or JPG format at 300 dpi

2/25/09: Please note that the new DAISY 2005-3 DTD issued 1/16/08 is now the current version of the DAISY standard and exemplars provided via this page have now been updated to include the new DTD as it has been determined that the NIMAC and its validator can accept and validate files that include the current DTD. Information regarding the few changes between DAISY 2005-2 and 2005-3 will also shortly be posted on this site. Additional information regarding the changes may be obtained immediately by reading the official Release Notes for DTBook-2005-3.dtd posted to the DAISY web site.

Our exemplar files have now been updated to reflect the fact that the NIMAS 1.1 DTD is derivative of the DAISY 2005 DTD. Our original exemplar files were created to match NIMAS 1.0, which was the official posting of the Standard by OSEP at the Library of Congress. This post has now changed from NIMAS 1.0 to NIMAS 1.1 and the new NIMAS 1.1 DTD was officially posted by OSEP on July 19, 2006. With this in mind, since we encourage publishers and other producers to use NIMAS 1.1, both baseline and optional elements, the appropriate DTD (and document type declaration) became DAISY 2005's <!DOCTYPE dtbook PUBLIC "-//NISO//DTD dtbook 2005-2//EN" "http://www.daisy.org/z3986/2005/dtbook-2005-2.dtd">. As of January 16, 2008, the correct DTD is <!DOCTYPE dtbook PUBLIC "-//NISO//DTD dtbook 2005-3//EN" "http://www.daisy.org/z3986/2005/dtbook-2005-3.dtd">. In this way, NIMAS files will appropriately validate.

The document type declaration belongs at the top of each XML file as shown:

National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS)

A technical standard used to produce XML-based source files for print-based educational materials.

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XML (EXtensible Markup Language)

Universal format for structured documents and data. Set of rules, guidelines, and conventions for designing text formats for data.

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Package File

Identifies all other files in a publication and provides descriptive and access information about them.

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PDF (Portable Document Format)

Universal computer file type used to exchange and view documents on any computer with Adobe Acrobat or Foxit Reader software installed.

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PNG (Portable Network Graphics)

Graphics file format that allows users to compress images into smaller sizes for faster download without loss of detail.

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JPG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

Graphics file format that compresses images into smaller sizes for faster download.

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dpi (dots per inch)

Standard measurement for image resolution.

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Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY)

Technical standard for producing accessible and navigable multimedia documents.

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Document Type Definition (DTD)

Discrete set of XML tags, targeted at a particular type of application.

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National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC)

Central national repository established at American Printing House for the Blind to store, validate, maintain and disseminate NIMAS filesets.

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Validation

Process of reviewing an XML document for conformance to the rules of XML coding in general and to a specific technical standard.

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Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP)

Provides leadership and financial support to assist states and local districts in improving results for children and youth with disabilities.

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Element

Any identifiable object within a document.

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DTBook

XML element set defining markup for textual content of a Digital Talking Book.

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National Information Standards Organization (NISO)

United States committee working on a specification for Digital Talking Books and much more.

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE dtbook PUBLIC "-//NISO//DTD dtbook 2005-3//EN"

"http://www.daisy.org/z3986/2005/dtbook-2005-3.dtd">
<dtbook xmlns="http://www.daisy.org/z3986/2005/dtbook/" version="2005-3" xml:lang="en-us">
<head></head>
<book>
<frontmatter>
<level1>
<h1></h1>...

Preparers of NIMAS-conformant files are strongly encouraged to use full DAISY mark-up whenever possible.

Note: Detailed information on mark-up and image file organization may be found in Creating NIMAS Files, a NIMAS Resource page document.

Exemplar submissions may also include other reference files likely to be of interest to authorized entities, conversion services, publishers, State Education Agencies, and Local Education Agencies. They may include, for example, a Microsoft Word or compressed PDF version of source content; an HTML version, an RTF version, an ASCII file, and/or a Digital Talking Book representing source content. An exemplar may include educational or explanatory content relating to files provided. A submission might also include supplementary material such as an extended version of the NIMAS 1.1-conformant source file that uses selected optional NIMAS elements. In some cases, an extended version may serve as a baseline NIMAS 1.1-conformant content file since use of DTB Z39.86 elements not included within NIMAS is encouraged.

Interested parties may contribute exemplar content to this page. To begin the submission process, send a note to aem@cast.org indicating interest in providing content examples. Exemplar submissions must include NIMAS 1.1-conformant XML content file(s), a package file, and a PDF file of the source content's title page or whichever page contains copyright and ISBN information. Exemplar XML files must validate to the NIMAS 1.1 DTD in order to be considered for posting to this site. For details about how to handle images in a NIMAS 1.1-conformant file set, see the appropriate section of Creating NIMAS Files.

Assurances must also be provided with regard to the ownership and/or rights to all content (i.e., text and images). Any conditions for use of the files by others should be provided with the files. The files themselves may also include such information.

The NIMAS Technical Assistance Center reserves the right to post or reject all submissions. Exemplar submissions will be posted in the order in which they are submitted, with current files listed at the bottom. Each submission should include an assurance that rights for posting the content is provided to the NIMAS Technical Assistance Center.

NIMAS-conformant files

XML files valid to the NIMAS technical specification used to create accessible specialized formats of print-based instructional materials.

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Authorized Entity

Non-profit organization or governmental agency with primary mission to provide specialized services to blind or other persons with disabilities.

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State Education Agency (SEA)

Agency responsible for supervision of a state’s or territory’s public elementary and secondary schools.

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Local Education Agency (LEA)

Agency legally authorized to provide administrative control or direction of publically funded schools.

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HTML (HyperText Markup Language)

Non-proprietary markup language based on SGML. Created and processed by a wide range of tools from simple to complex.

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ASCII

Unformatted text standard defining how computers write and read characters.

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Digital Talking Book (DTB)

Digitally encoded files containing audio portions and full text to increase quality and availability of information to print-disabled persons.

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Exemplar Downloads

Each exemplar submission links to a page with downloadable files and additional information.

Please note: NIMAS 1.1 package files validate to the OEBPS standard 1.2 specification. They are NIMAS 1.1 OPF files, not DAISY OPF files.

NIMAS filesets must also meet metadata submission requirements for the National Intstructional Materials Access Center ( NIMAC), the national repository of NIMAS filesets. All of the NIMAS exemplar filesets include OPF files that are valid to the NIMAS specification and to NIMAC submission requirements. A NIMAC-specific OPF sample is available below.

Current Baseline NIMAS files conform to the NIMAS 1.1 specification, which became official through the U. S. Department of Education on July 19, 2006.

NIMAS Exemplar 1
Chapter 24: The Great Depression
First posted on 10/20/05. Last updated on 07/27/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 2
World Cultures & Geography
First posted on 01/12/06. Last updated on 07/27/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 3
Tables
First posted on 03/08/06. Last updated on 07/27/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 4
Mathematics
First posted on 05/05/06. Last updated on 07/27/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 5
David Copperfield, by Charles Dickens
First posted on 05/12/06. Last updated on 07/27/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 6
Science (and mathematics)
First posted on 06/05/06. Last updated on 07/27/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 7
Large Version of Chapter 24: The Great Depression
First posted on 07/27/06. Last updated on 03/10/08.

NIMAS Exemplar 8
Ancillaries
First posted on 10/26/06. Last updated on 07/27/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 9: Sample OPF
APH's NIMAC sample package file in Word and XML formats. Includes required NIMAC and NIMAS 1.1 metadata. A separate history and comments document (in Word) is also available.
First posted on 11/20/06. Last updated on 03/23/07.

NIMAS Exemplar 10: Exemplar and Conversion Project
This exemplar contains a series of filesets ranging from baseline NIMAS 1.1 source files to complex output versions.  Its purpose is to demonstrate a variety of possible products available from a NIMAS fileset with varying levels of additional mark-up.  Several versions are currently provided in the series, each with different features, suitable for different uses.

NIMAS Exemplar 11
This exemplar displays SVG-format images in a NIMAS-compliant fileset. It includes three output versions as well as the baseline fileset.

Metadata

One or more pieces of descriptive information about data.

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American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

Largest non-profit organization creating products and services for people who are visually impaired.

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