NIMAS Exemplar 2: World Cultures & Geography
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First posted on 01/12/06. Last Updated on 04/5/13.
Baseline NIMAS 1.1 Exemplar
The baseline NIMAS files comprise the basic NIMAS 1.1 fileset that would be submitted by an educational publisher. NIMAS 1.1 is based on the DAISY 2005 DTD; publishers and other producers are encouraged to use full DAISY mark-up wherever possible.
This exemplar includes the following:
- NIMAS 1.1-compliant XML content file
- OEBPS 1.2-compliant package file
- PDF file of print-version title page(s)
Please refer to Creating NIMAS Files for tips on creating NIMAS filesets.
Note about Images
Images provided with baseline filesets are 300 dpi as required by the Standard, and 72 dpi images are provided with X-/HTML and HTML extension-only filesets since they may be more appropriate for some uses. Simply swap out the images folder from one set to another if a different dpi is desired.
Comments about the Exemplar
This exemplar recreates a substantial percentage of layout and rendering of its print version source files and therefore closely resembles a typical K–12 textbook. Interested parties should note that there are many, many ways of rendering XML content, both via css and in other ways, such as through xsl, and that each project will combine its own elements of content, time, complexity, features, etc., that will have bearing on such decisions.
Please note that the latest NIMAS Technical Committee meeting has resulted in the following requirement: each NIMAS-conformant baseline fileset will contain a PDF-format copy of the title page (or whichever page contains ISBN and copyright information) of the print-based source.
National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS)
A technical standard used to produce XML-based source files for print-based educational materials.View in glossary
Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY)
Technical standard for producing accessible and navigable multimedia documents.View in glossary
Document Type Definition (DTD)
Discrete set of XML tags, targeted at a particular type of application.View in glossary
XML (EXtensible Markup Language)
Universal format for structured documents and data. Set of rules, guidelines, and conventions for designing text formats for data.View in glossary
Identifies all other files in a publication and provides descriptive and access information about them.View in glossary
PDF (Portable Document Format)
Universal computer file type used to exchange and view documents on any computer with Adobe Acrobat or Foxit Reader software installed.View in glossary
dpi (dots per inch)
Standard measurement for image resolution.View in glossary
HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
Non-proprietary markup language based on SGML. Created and processed by a wide range of tools from simple to complex.View in glossary
Cascading Style Sheet (CSS)
Provides the capacity to separate the layout and style of a web page from the content.View in glossary
Any identifiable object within a document.View in glossary
The supplementary files included here are not part of the required NIMAS fileset.
These HTML files have been converted from their XML versions by changing their extension. Please see the XHTML version for a true HTML file that validates to the XHTML 1.0 Transitional DTD.
The HTML fileset includes the following:
- NIMAS 1.1 HTML ext.-only content file
- css stylesheet
This XHTML validates to the XHTML 1.0 Transitional DTD. Its mark-up differs from that of the HTML extension-only files.
The XHTML fileset includes the following:
- XHTML content file
- css stylesheet
This basic EPUB version of Exemplar 2 contains the same content as other versions and also contains XHTML; its mark-up differs only as necessary to conform to the EPUB format.
NIMAS Conversion Tool HTML Version
The NIMAS Conversion Tool version is a student-ready output created with Exemplar 2's Baseline 1.1 XML fileset as its source and using the NIMAS Conversion Tool to create an HTML output. The NIMAS Conversion Tool converts NIMAS-conformant XML filesets into leveled XML files and/or into leveled HTML files that can be opened and viewed in a browser. It includes image support, TOC generation, and MathML support. To learn more and to download the Tool, go to the NIMAS Conversion Tool page.
DTB Comparison Chart
The NIMAS Exemplar 2 Comparison Chart compares the NIMAS 1.1 Baseline Element Set with the elements used in Exemplar 2: World Cultures & Geography.
Distribution and interchange format standard for digital publications and documents.View in glossary
MathML (Mathematical Markup Language)
XML-based markup language used to display mathematical content.View in glossary