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NIMAS Exemplar 1: Chapter 24, The Great Depression


Copyright © 2001, 2005 CAST, Inc.
CAST holds the copyright for these files and provides permission to use them for educational purposes. They should not be re-posted to other sites nor may they be sold for commercial purposes. Organizations wishing to make this content available to others may link to this page in order to obtain the most current versions. Questions about this exemplar should be addressed to

First posted on 10/20/05. Last Updated on 02/25/09.

Baseline NIMAS 1.1 Exemplar

The baseline NIMAS files comprise the basic NIMAS 1.1 file set that would be submitted by an educational publisher. NIMAS 1.1 is based on the DAISY 2005 DTD; publishers and other producers are encouraged to use full DAISY mark-up wherever possible.

This exemplar includes the following:

  • NIMAS 1.1-conformant XML content file
  • Package file
  • PDF file of title page
  • images

Download NIMAS 1.1 Exemplar 1

Please refer to Creating NIMAS Files for tips on creating NIMAS filesets.

Note about Images

Images provided with baseline filesets are 300 dpi as required by the Standard, and 72 dpi images are provided with X-/HTML and HTML extension-only filesets since they may be more appropriate for some uses. Simply swap out the images folder from one set to another if a different dpi is desired.

Comments about the Exemplar

You will notice that this exemplar (see the HTML rendering) uses a simple linear layout that is not representative of the complex layout of many K–12 education textbooks. Its purpose is as an easily understandable example of a NIMAS 1.1-conformant XML file including most NIMAS baseline elements; it is not meant to convey the most complex content possible, as this would detract from its purpose. (See the other exemplars on this site for samples of more complex content.)

CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology)

Non-profit organization that works to expand learning opportunities for all individuals through research and development.

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National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS)

A technical standard used to produce XML-based source files for print-based educational materials.

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Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY)

Technical standard for producing accessible and navigable multimedia documents.

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Document Type Definition (DTD)

Discrete set of XML tags, targeted at a particular type of application.

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XML (EXtensible Markup Language)

Universal format for structured documents and data. Set of rules, guidelines, and conventions for designing text formats for data.

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PDF (Portable Document Format)

Universal computer file type used to exchange and view documents on any computer with Adobe Acrobat or Foxit Reader software installed.

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Supplementary Files

The supplementary files are informational in nature and are not part of the required NIMAS fileset.

Download CAST Exemplar 1 List of Elements Used
Download Exemplar 1 Source Content

Sample Student-Ready Versions

The following represent student-ready versions of the submission. Each started with a NIMAS-conformant XML content file, has been enhanced, and includes the images that are referenced as placeholders within the original XML source file.

The NIMAS Conversion Tool version is a student-ready output created with Exemplar 1's Baseline 1.1 XML fileset as its source and using the NIMAS Conversion Tool to create an HTML output. The NIMAS Conversion Tool converts NIMAS-conformant XML filesets into leveled XML files and/or into leveled HTML files that can be opened and viewed in a browser.It includes image support, TOC generation, and MathML support. To learn more and to download the Tool, go to the NIMAS Conversion Tool page.

Download the NIMAS Conversion Tool HTML version

The following HTML version was created from Exemplar 1's Baseline 1.1 fileset and includes hand-coded additions and edits to the content file as well as a css stylesheet.

Download the HTML version

DTB Comparison Chart

The NIMAS Exemplar 1 Comparison Chart compares the NIMAS 1.1 Baseline Element Set with the elements used in Exemplar 1: Chapter 24: The Great Depression.

Download the Comparison Chart

MathML (Mathematical Markup Language)

XML-based markup language used to display mathematical content.

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Cascading Style Sheet (CSS)

Provides the capacity to separate the layout and style of a web page from the content.

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