Access to the General Curriculum for Students with Disabilities: The Role of the IEP
National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum (NCAC)
The educational literature pertaining to IEPs is discussed in relation to access to the general curriculum, and a framework is presented to be used in evaluating the extent to which IEPs reflect access to the general curriculum. This policy brief is divided into four parts. Part one provides a review of the relevant Individualized Education Plan (IEP) literature predating the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) ’97. This included the content and quality of the IEP as a document, the limited role of the general education teacher in the IEP process, negative perceptions of the IEP process by special education teachers, and a summary of the pre-IDEA ’97 literature. Part two outlines the specific requirements in IDEA ’97 that pertain to IEP’s and access to the general curriculum. Part three summarizes recent articles that have appeared in the aftermath of IDEA ’97 including survey-based studies, didactic materials, and empirical studies. Part four presents a framework to analyze the extent to which the IEP’s of students with disabilities reflect access to the general curriculum. The framework can be used as part of professional development training for educators or as the basis for a subsequent empirical study examining all of the IEP statements pertaining to access to the general curriculum.
Individual Education Program (IEP)
Written plan individually developed for students identified as having a disability under IDEA.View in glossary
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Federal law governing rights of children with disabilities to receive free and appropriate public education in least restrictive environment.View in glossary
Karger, J. (2004). Access to the general curriculum for students with disabilities: The role of the IEP. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum. Retrieved [insert date] from http://aem.cast.org/about/publications/2004/ncac-curriculum-access-role-iep.html