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Explicit Instruction


Tracey Hall & Ge Vue


National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum (NCAC)


Explicit instruction is defined as a systematic instructional approach that includes a set of delivery and design procedures derived from effective schools research merged with behavior analysis. Instructional design and delivery components are defined and implications for access to the general curriculum are listed. Evidence of effectiveness is reviewed through a meta-analysis conducted by G. Adams (1996). Next, Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is discussed as a theoretical framework to guide the design and development of learning environments that represent materials in flexible ways and offers a variety of options for learners to comprehend information, demonstrate their knowledge and skills, and be motivated to learn. Lastly, links are provided to learn more about UDL and explicit instruction.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

Framework of learning and teaching, resisting one-size-fits-all approach. Encourages offering multiple means of representation, expression, and engagement.

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Hall, T., & Vue, G. (2002). Explicit Instruction. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum. (Links updated 2014). Retrieved [insert date] from